学姐包过版!《英国文学史及选读》第二册 期末复习讲义(绝对全) 下载本文

介绍一下,一共包括四分讲义,按顺序看,学姐没有看书,只看得讲义,复习了一个星期,考了90多分,

第一份:总体了解考点,大体了解就行(往下翻还有别的)

English Literature ( Book II)

Romanticis

1.Romanticism(名词解释)要对浪漫主义兴起的时间,根源,主要特点,主要代表作家都有所了解。

2.William Wordsworth要知道他的 “Lyrical Ballads”前言是英国浪漫主义时期开始的标志,也是宣言。Lake Poets(名词解释)。他诗歌的主要两类题材:nature and common people’s lives。

写过的著名作品:I wandered lonely as a cloud; To the cuckoo; Lines composed a few miles above Tintern Abbey; The solitary reaper; We are seven 等等。

3. Samuel Taylor Coleridge两首名诗:The Rime of the Ancient Mariner; Kubla Khan主要写作supernatural题材。

4. George Gordon Byron,Byronic Heroes (名词解释); 著名作品:Child Harold’s Pilgrimage要知道大致内容,另外此诗用Spenserian Stanza写成;Don Juan要知道大致内容。

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5. Percy Bysshe Shelley著名作品:Queen Mab; The Revolt of Islam; Prometheus Unbound(lyrical drama,要知道大致内容及此剧与古希腊的“被束缚的普罗米修斯”不同之处及其意义。)其它名作: Ode to the West Wind; To a skylark等等。

6. John Keats著名作品:Ode to Autumn; Ode to a Nightingale; Ode on a Grecian Urn”。注意Keats与Byron和Shelley的不同,Keats的诗歌没有两人那么强的革命性,他的诗歌主要是为了缔造一个唯美的世界,为了追求美而写作的。

7. Charles Lamb:The Essays of Elia (humorous, archaisms, quotations from other writers)

8. Walter Scott: founder and great master of the historical novel; his death marks the ending of Romantic Period in English literature; famous novels: Rob Roy, Ivanhoe; features of his novels.

English Critical Realism

9. Critical Realism批判现实主义,要知道它兴起的时间,历史背景,主要代表人物及主要特点。

10. Charles Dickens主要作品: The Pickwick Papers (first novel); Oliver Twist; Dombey and Son; David Copperfield; A Tales of Two Cities等等,对这些主要作品除了第一部以外剩下的要对情节,主要人物形象,主题及其意义有所了解,另外要知道狄更斯的小说的特色。

11. William Makepeace Thackeray主要作品即Vanity Fair要知道这个题目出自John Bunyan的The Pilgrim’s Progress,另外小说的副标题 “A novel without a hero”的意思,小说的情节,主题,人物形象都要了解。

12. Jane Austen主要作品:Pride and Prejudice其它5部小说知道名字即可,对于《傲慢与偏见》简单看一下它的情节和主要人物。Austen的写作特点:thin plot, mostly everyday life of simple country society; good at writing young girls; modest satire; witty dialogues。 13. Charlotte Bronte主要作品Jane Eyre,要知道其情节和意义,另外简爱的人物形象也比较重要。

14. Emily Bronte主要作品Wuthering Heights,情节,人物形象及意义。勃朗特姐妹的小说虽然写作在批判现实主义时期,但其作品有明显的浪漫主义特色,比如包含的一些supernatural elements,特别体现在呼啸山庄中。 15. George Eliot主要作品: Adam Bede, The Mill on Floss.

Prose-writers and poets of the mid and later 19th century

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16. Alfred Tennyson主要作品: In Memoriam, The Idylls of the Kings;有名的短诗Break, Break, Break; Crossing the bar等,此人政治态度保守,作品追求形式上的完美,富于音乐性和色彩。

17. Robert Browning introduced dramatic monologue to poetry. His famous poems: “Home-thoughts from abroad” etc. Elizabeth Barrett Browning: “Sonnets from the Portuguese”.

18. Aestheticism唯美主义(名词解释)Oscar Wilde主要作品,写作特点及其意义简要了解。

Twentieth Century English Literature

19. John Galsworthy: 主要作品 “The Forsyte Saga”注意这是两个trilogy构成的,可不是一本小说,其中比较重要的是 “The Man of Property”就是书上介绍的那一部,要知道此部小说主人公的名字,以及这个主人公的性格,和小说主题。

20. George Bernard Shaw主要作品Mrs Warren’s Profession和Major Babara,对他作品的主要人物,情节,主题和意义要了解,他是比较重要的一个作家。 21. T. S. Eliot比较重要,特别是他的The Waste Land要知道包括哪几个部分,大概是什么情节,有什么象征意义,主题是什么,有什么写作特点。另外他著名的文章Tradition and the Individual Talent被认为是manifesto of modernist poetry.

22. Modernist fiction put emphasis on the description of the characters’ psychological activities under the influence of Austrian doctor Sigmund Freud’s theories.

23. D. H. Lawrence重点作品Sons and Lovers这个作品明显受到弗洛伊德影响,特别是其中体现的Oedipus complex,对其人物,主题要有了解;The Rainbow及其续篇Women in Love要有简单了解,特别是对其主题。Lady Chatterley’s Lover简单了解即可。劳伦斯的思想特点以及局限性要了解。 24. Stream-of-consciousness(名词解释)

25. James Joyce其它作品简单了解,但Ulysses非常重要,需要知道题目来源,题目的含义,小说的主人公和情节,以及主题。

26. Virginia Woolf重要的意识流作家,主要作品要指导。书上主要介绍的是Mrs. Dalloway,其实她的其它几部作品特别是To the Lighthouse也比较出名,需要了解一下。

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第二份:课本对应版,很多细节题都在里面,不看课本直接背这个讲义我考了90分,这份是重点

《英国文学史及选读》第二册 复习提纲

Part VII. THE ROMANTIC PERIOD

Introduction

? Historical Background

The political & social factors that gave rise to the Romantic Movement were the three revolutions – the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution.

? Intellectual background

The shift in literature from emphasis on reason to instinct & emotion was intellectually prepared for by a number of thinkers in the later half of the 18th century. Representative thinkers are Rousseau, Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine.

? Term – Romanticism

(1) Romanticism is a literary trend fighting against the idea of Enlightenment. It prevailed in England during the period of 1798—1832. It begins with

the publication of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge and ends with Sir Walter Scott‘s death.

(2) Romanticism actually constitutes a change of direction from attention to the outer world of social civilization to the inner world of the human spirit. (3) In essence, it designates a literary & philosophical theory, which tends to see the individual as the very center of all life & all experience.

(4) It also places the individual at the center of art, making literature most valuable as an expression of his or her unique feelings & particular attitudes,

& valuing its accuracy in portraying the individual‘s experiences. ? Term – Lake Poets or The Lakers

In English literature it refers to such romantic poets as William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Robert Southey who lived in the Lake District. ?

Term—Gothic Novel

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It is a type of romance very popular in the 18th century and at the beginning of the 19th century. It emphasizes things which are grotesque, violent, mysterious, supernatural, desolate and horrifying. It was applied by Horace Walpole to his novel The Castle of Otranto. It has exerted a great influence over the writers of the Romantic period with its description of the dark, irrational side of human nature. Gothic novel has exerted a great influence over the writers of the Romantic period. Works like The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe and Frankenstein by Mary Shelley are typical Gothic romance. ? (1) (2) (3) (4)

Romantic Authors in England

The glory of the age is in the poetry of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats and Southy. Of its prose works, those of Scott alone have attained very wide reading The essays of Charles Lamb

The novels of Jane Austen and historical novels of Walter Scott

William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

―. . . poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility…‖ (―Preface‖) 所有的好诗都是炽烈情感的自然涌流,而这种情感又是经过在宁静中追忆的. ——quotation from William Wordsworth. ?

Major works from William Wordsworth

Lyrical Ballads抒情歌谣集(I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud我好似一朵孤独的流云;Composed upon Westminster Bridge 写于威斯敏斯特桥上) Lucy Poems露西组诗

(She Dwett Among the Untrodden Ways 她走在人迹罕至的路边; To the Cuckoo杜鹃颂;

The Solitary Reaper孤寂的割麦女); The Excursion远足 The Prelude序曲 ?

Analysis of William Wordsworth’s works

(1) She Dwett Among the Untrodden Ways is one of his famous Lucy Poems, in which the lover tells that she lived unknown and died unknown. (2) Composed upon Westminster Bridge describes a vivid picture of a beautiful morning in London.

(3) The Solitary Reaper describes vividly and sympathetically a young peasant girl working in the fields and singing as she works and shows that the

girl‘s singing deeply moved the traveler and kept lingering in his heart.

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